What are agricultural sprayers?
Agricultural sprayers are machines or equipment capable of distributing liquids in small particles. Spraying can occur by land or air, depending on the extent of activities. These machines and equipment are applied to ensure the correct dispersion of agrochemicals, nutrients and fertilizers in world agriculture.
Due to the importance in pest control and agronomic development, they are indispensable technologies in the current field to maintain productivity.
History of agricultural spraying
Agricultural spraying has been around since the first great civilizations. In Ancient Rome, smoke from burning sulfur was already used as a way to control aphids in wheat and salt plantations to control weeds.
In the early 19th century, Chinese used arsenic diluted in water to control insects.
It was known since that time that plant-derived products such as rotenone and pyrethrin controlled the presence of insects in crops.
In 1865, Paris Green, a mixture of arsenic and copper, began to be used to control Colorado potato beetle populations. And in 1882 it was discovered that a mixture of copper sulfate and lime, called a Bordeaux mixture, was effective against the disease in vines called downy mildew, a fungal infection in plants.
As early as 1890, a mercury-containing powder began to be used for seed treatment, and 25 years later, a liquid formula was developed to control seed fungal pests.
At the turn of the 19th to the 20th century, the first herbicides began to appear, but the big leap in the area came in the 40s, with the rediscovery of DDT and organochlorines.
One way of understanding pest control divides chemical knowledge into three eras:
- Period before 1867, when odorous and irritating products such as excrement, ash, sulfur, rotenone, pyrethrum, nicotine, animal oils and petrochemicals were applied;
- Period between 1867 and 1939, marked by the discovery of the Bordeaux mixture and other copper formulas (with the presence of copper);
- Period from 1939, with the arrival of organosynthetics.
These three eras mark not only chemical technology, but also herbicide application and pest control strategies.
Until 1868, plants needed to be rubbed or washed with cloths or brushes dipped in the mixture. Watering cans were also applied to increase application speed and uniform distribution.
Also in this period there was the practice known as benzedura, in which dusters and brooms soaked in liquids threw them over the plants.
The spurt in the development of engineering equipment for agricultural spraying begins in the second period, especially in the late 19th century.
The growth of large-scale monoculture practices around the world favored the emergence of new application technologies due to the development race driven by major pests in plantations.
The three main ones were: downy mildew on European vines, potato beetle invasion in the US and potato scab in England and Ireland.
The potato scab decimated the potato crop on the island of Ireland and led the region to a state of hunger and misery, reaching approximately 500,000 deaths directly caused by the problem and migration of almost a million people to other countries.
After these advances, in 1939, the explosion of growth in engineering and chemistry for agriculture, driven by the two World Wars and the technological expansion of the period, generated increasingly modern and efficient agricultural machines.
Challenges in agricultural spraying
Agricultural tractor sprayers emerged with the need for a more efficient control of the disposal of agrochemicals, as crop areas grow non-stop and pests follow the same pace in a biological race.
As a result, it became necessary to increase the quality and precision of the applications, wasting less agrochemicals in the air or in the soil at the time of spraying.
The process can be historically divided into 5 steps:
- Street count spray marking depending on boom width and crop spacing;
- Marking by flags placed at the beginning and at the end of the streets to demarcate the spray strip, work in a straight line similar to the first model, but on a larger scale;
- Ground marking carried out by 2 tractors and a steel cable with a length equal to the width of the bar applied to the rear of the first tractor with the front of the second tractor. Markings in parallel with a scarifier that scratches the ground;
- Light bar system with georeferenced equipment equipped with satellites and intelligent on-board computers capable of mapping the sprayed area;
- Autonomous system in which the machine operates alone without the need for a light bar and manual operator control.
Today, this last system generates high precision in the application, with computers passing readings on humidity, pressure, temperature, dosage and condition of the soil.
Types of agricultural sprayers
Agricultural sprayers can be categorized in several ways. The first of them refers to the activation, in which they are divided into:
- manuals: normally used for small areas and punctual actions;
- electrical: mechanical, with battery, dependent on energy sources for recharging;
- fuel-powered: powered by burning fossil fuels.
But there is still a classification by equipment configuration and activation mode. See below how they work.
Reservoir with handles, carried on the back like a backpack. It can have manual, electric or fuel activation. It depends on an operator to handle it all the time.
They work with compressed air and have manual or electric activation. For manual operation, they are recommended only in vegetable gardens, orchards and small gardens.
Bar with multiple spray nozzles normally installed on tractors. They can cover large areas in small time intervals.
Useful for farmers facing any production volume, but typically applied to annual crops such as soybeans, corn, wheat, potatoes and horticulture in general.
Machine that sprays through an air current at high speed over the plantation. Capable of reaching great distances. Usually used in perennial crops like coffee and oranges.
Agricultural sprayer parts and accessories
Sprayers (whether manual or motorized) usually have:
- tank/reservoir for the mixture (diluted mixture of water and agrochemical component);
- pressure regulator;
- drive set;
- spray nozzle;
- triggering device (bar or gun).
Mechanized models may have applied volume meters, GPS, computer remote control systems, thermal sensors, barometers, etc.
How to choose agricultural sprayers?
Sprayers should be chosen based on two factors: type of crop and area sprayed.
As stated earlier, annual crops are usually served by boom sprayers coupled to tractors. While perennial crops use atomizing sprays.
In addition, the total area calculation determines the number of machines needed (most common for atomizers, with capacity without great variation) and the maximum capacity in liters of each of them (bar sprayers can go from 400 to 4500 liters on average) .
Maintenance of agricultural sprayers
Due to the high flow of liquids and the chemical action of many of them, agricultural sprayers depend on good maintenance to have an adequate lifespan and not cause damage or problems. Most sprayers have specialist agricultural machinery So Clean insurance . Below, we list the main maintenance activities required on the machines.
Agrochemical residues in sprayers contaminate people or animals. In addition, they mix with the new products inserted in the tanks and impair the performance and general effect.
Cleaning, therefore, becomes essential to ensure the health of workers in the field, the people living around them and nature. Therefore, it must be done at the end of every working day or at the time of product change if they occur on the same day.
All handling when cleaning the sprayers must be carried out with the correct PPE, and it is necessary to use, in addition to water, special detergents, degreasers and other products recommended by the manufacturers of agrochemicals and fertilizers.
Parts including triggers, filters and nozzles need to be removed and immersed in water repeatedly to ensure thorough cleaning.
Adjustment and calibration
Adjustment and calibration help correct dispersion problems and correct application can be done on different parts of the sprayer, including the nozzle. Calibration helps to verify the reliability of the process and should be done whenever consumption is above 15% of the average.
Replacement of nozzles and parts
Sprayers, like all agricultural machinery and equipment, have periodic maintenance and overhaul routines. Therefore, the parts must be replaced following the parameters recommended by the manufacturers.
Nozzles can generate huge losses with dispersion above the planned, and when they reach deviations of 10% above the nominal flow, they need to be replaced.
Agricultural spray parameters
There are 8 fundamental parameters to perform and evaluate an agricultural spraying correctly:
- Dose : concentration of the active ingredient to obtain control of the target population. It can be calculated in grams/hectare or liters/hectare. The ideal value is calculated by an agronomist or forestry engineer;
- Application volume : Measures the amount of spray applied per unit area, affected by target, nozzle, weather conditions, plant and product type;
- Coverage : Amount of droplets deposited on the target in the spray, determined by product, droplet size and other factors such as plant architecture, leaf density and more;
- Droplet Size : Typically measured in micrometers (microns) for the diameter of the sprayed droplet. This parameter is defined as a function of the product’s mode of action (systemic or contact), climatic conditions and target situation (closed or open plantation). Also, droplet size affects nozzle choice;
- Pressure : Used to identify flow rate and droplet size, can be read on sprayer manometer;
- Wind, temperature and relative humidity : Sprays with small drops cannot occur in winds greater than 10 km/h, and activities are not recommended in temperatures below 30°C with relative humidity above 55%. If these conditions are not met, other parameters are changed to facilitate the activity;
- Drift : Movement of product through the air away from the target during spraying. It is, in short, the waste of product that does not reach the target. It can be influenced by wind, temperature, humidity and droplet size;
- Nozzle Type : Also known as spray tips. Important variable as it affects other factors.
Necessary care while spraying
Spraying is today a fundamental step in modern agriculture. However, it must be done in the right way to generate the desired results and not negatively affect people’s lives and health.
Therefore, to be done correctly, it is necessary that quality products and machines are purchased, that the use of PPE is supervised, that maintenance and cleaning are carried out properly and that workers are trained and made aware of the importance of care. handling products, whether agrochemicals or fertilizers.
In addition, the application of the products must be done at the right times, using quality water to form the solution, respecting the climatic conditions to adapt the spraying process.
And to preserve nature and the lives around, waste must be disposed of according to regulations and good environmental practices, with the concentration of agrochemicals in appropriate quantities.
Did you like this article and want to know more about agricultural machinery and safety processes in different industries? Access our blog.
Best Practices to Grow Your Business with Web to Print Solutions
Magento is considered one of the most widely used eCommerce platforms in the world. The platform is widely used by B2C and B2B firms globally, with over 250,000 merchants. Magento gives merchants growth, which is why it is one of the top eCommerce systems.
It has become a vital tool for businesses that are looking to expand their presence online and boost sales in the printing industry. When you put these solutions effectively into practice and then use them, it can greatly improve the growth and market visibility of the company.
Read about some leading practices to growth with end-to-end Web to Print Solutions.
What is Magento Web to Print?
Magento Web to Print refers to a solution that integrates web-to-print technology into the Magento e-commerce platform. It enables users to create and customize printable products such as business cards, stationery, promotional items, apparel, and more directly within the Magento environment.
Thanks to this technology, clients can use the user-friendly tools and templates that Magneto stores provide to customize and design their desired products. Users may alter text, add images, change colors, and even adjust design elements to create personalized, one-of-a-kind products using Magento Web to Print. Before you even place an order, the customers will be able to view the finished product, and if they are satisfied, then only the design will be finished.
Tips to Grow Business with Magento Web to Print Solutions
You should make sure there are lots of customization choices available for your Magento web-to-print solution. The option to customize printed goods is something that customers appreciate. When you give customers a chance to easily customize text, colors, pictures, and design components, it gives them the ability to produce one-of-a-kind items, which increases user engagement.
One of the best ways to add data consolidation, process automation, and product customization to your online print store is through the Magento web-to-print plugin. The plugin can also offer optimized order and customer management modules with experience-enhancing features. Whenever implementing best practices, make sure to settle for no less than premium features as it not only helps growing business but also makes the experience hassle-free for the customers.
Understanding the priorities and convenience of customers is what takes you closer to growth, and the most crucial element here is settling down with a User-Friendly Interface. The success of a web-to-print solution depends on its user interface. You must ensure users can easily and seamlessly navigate the Magento platform and its web-to-print extension. Customers will be more likely to use and return to your website if it is easy to navigate, has clear instructions, and has an intuitive design tool.
You should ensure your Magento web to print solutions is mobile-responsive, given the rise in the popularity of mobile devices. This increases the convenience and reach of your consumer base by enabling users to design and order things from their smartphones or tablets easily. Today, you cannot undermine the importance of mobile responsiveness as it can get you some loyal customers and set the stage for large visitors to your products.
Enhance the SEO of your Magento Store
If your clients are not able to find you online, then it means expanded skills, personalized platforms, and experiences are not that good. You must optimize your Magento store for search engines and other digital channels to guarantee that your platform has the best possible exposure and reach toward your target market. To that end, you need to brainstorm some wonders of SEO practices and step up with growth.
Improve the Magento Checkout Process
E-commerce platforms encounter a major issue with high bounce rates and shopping cart abandonment. The lengthy and tedious checkout procedure is one of the main reasons people give up on a purchase. You ought to streamline your checkout procedure to ensure your clients do not defect to your rivals. You need to implement some best-in-class strategies to streamline your checkout procedure.
Businesses may optimize the potential of Magento web-to-print solutions by putting these best practices into practice. At Brush Your Ideas, we power you with world class solutions that are dedicated for your business growth and strengthen your position in the competitive world. Choose our tool to enjoy the magic of success ahead.
Tips to Follow When Submitting Your First Axis Bank Credit Card Application
Many advantages come with credit cards, including the chance to accrue reward points, an interest-free grace period, support through tough financial circumstances, and the elimination of the need to carry cash.
Even if having a credit card can be advantageous and provide numerous advantages, if you want to make the most of it, you must practice using the correct card properly and logically. For many people, especially those who are new to using credit cards, picking the best credit card to apply for may take some time because there are so many credit cards available from so many different credit card issuers.A variety of verification processes must be successfully completed before utilizing a credit card and beginning transactions.
The following is a list of some of the checkpoints that fall within this category:
Take into account your buying preferences and habits.
Despite the fact that you can apply for a variety of credit cards, the bulk of them are made to manage particular kinds of purchases. Some purchases will make this easier for you to do than others. These perks come in many forms, including special treatment, price cuts, rewards, points, coupons, and rebates.
While some credit cards may give additional reward points for purchases like travel, dining, or accommodation, other credit cards might pay cashback on routine expenses like gas or other charges. On a variety of various kinds of transactions, cashback is offered. Make sure the axis bank credit card you select offers the features and advantages that best suit your lifestyle and spending habits.
Find out how much the first year, the renewal, and any additional costs will cost.
In general, credit card issuers charge cardholders a variety of fees, such as yearly fees, penalties for late payments, costs related to incentive redemption, and, among other things, cash advance/withdrawal fees. These charges may vary based on the type of credit card used. Before choosing a certain credit card, it is a good idea to compare each of these fees because they vary between lenders and card types. Given the numerous benefits and functions credit cards provide, this is accurate. Keep in mind that after you’ve filed your credit card application, you can check on axis bank credit card status to stay updated. Some credit card providers will forgo the annual charge and membership cost in return for a set monthly payment. Not all credit card firms, though, run their businesses in this way. After carefully examining the many fees and costs imposed by various lenders, you should choose a axis bank credit card whose advantages, such as cashbacks, discounts, and reward points, surpass the numerous essential fees and costs imposed by the credit card issuer. To see if you qualify for a joining incentive, check your eligibility.Before choosing a credit card and completing an application, make certain that there is a sign-up bonus available. Many credit card firms provide welcome gifts, sometimes known as joining bonuses, to entice new customers. Gift cards, freebies, extra reward points, or a variety of other incentives could be included in these bonuses. If you want to receive joining bonuses in addition to other benefits like cash-backs, discounts, and other incentives, seek for them before applying for any credit card and compare them to credit cards. You’ll ensure that you get additional perks like cash-backs, discounts, and other incentives by doing this. Keep in mind that you can check on the progress of your credit card application after you’ve filed it to keep updated through axis bank credit card status facility.
Any prospective charges and expenses should be noted.Even while paying your axis bank credit card debt in full after it is past due is never a sensible choice, comparing financing charges before applying for a credit card is a smart one. This is true even though it is a wise idea to compare financing rates before applying for a credit card. If a bill is not paid in whole by the due date or early, the credit card company has the authority to apply financing fees to the account. When a payment or cash withdrawal is made with a credit card after the payment is due, additional financing costs are necessary in addition to the late payment fees and cash advance fees that have already been assessed. Remember to use the rewards program.Credit card incentive schemes fervently promote the usage of credit cards by offering a wide range of benefits and privileges. Gift cards, cash back incentives, reward points, air miles, discounts, coupons, and a variety of other choices with a similar goal can be used as this type of axis bank credit card payment support. When deciding whether or not to apply for a credit card, it is important to consider not only these benefits but also the award expiration date of the card and the available redemption possibilities. Credit card rewards can be used in a variety of ways, but the majority of them expire after two to three years. Giving cards can be used both offline and online at participating merchants, and reward points can even be exchanged for past-due credit card payments. Therefore, before submitting a credit card application through the credit card application, make sure you are aware with the rewards program. Selecting the credit card with the rewards program that best suits your current way of life is the next step. Finally, remember that once you’ve applied for a credit card, you may check the axis bank credit card status to see where things stand. Last but not least, it’s critical to comprehend why taking into account the aforementioned criteria is crucial rather than applying for any credit card. The claim is that you won’t be able to maximize the benefits in accordance with your spending habits and shopping preferences if you apply for and use “any card” rather than one that has been carefully considered and is suited.
TEACHERS HALLOWEEN COSTUME IDEAS 2023
In this blog, we’ll present a collection of fun and innovative Halloween costume ideas that will transform you into the ultimate “spooktacular” teacher. From classic literary characters to scientific icons, historical figures to superheroes, there’s something for every teacher looking to add an extra touch of Halloween magic to their classroom.
TEACHERS HALLOWEEN COSTUME IDEAS
Here are some teachers Halloween costume ideas
Literary Legend: Bring your favorite literary character to life! Dress up as Alice in Wonderland, Sherlock Holmes, Miss Frizzle from “The Magic School Bus,” or even a whimsical Harry Potter character like Professor McGonagall.
Historical Hero: Pay homage to influential figures from history. Become a famous scientist like Albert Einstein or Marie Curie, a courageous leader like Abraham Lincoln or Joan of Arc, or a groundbreaking artist like Frida Kahlo.
Super Teacher: Embrace your inner superhero by creating a unique teacher alter-ego. Design your superhero costume with a personalized logo that represents your teaching superpowers, like “Captain Calculus” or “Ms. Wordsmith.”
Math Maven: Make math more magical by dressing up as a math wizard. Don a robe covered in equations, wield a wand made of rulers, and challenge your students to math puzzles throughout the day.
Science Sorcerer: Transform into a science sorcerer with a lab coat, goggles, and a few vials filled with mysterious substances (water, of course!). Explore the wonders of the universe with your young scientists.
Geography Guru: Turn geography into an adventure by dressing up as an intrepid explorer. Add a safari hat, a compass, and a world map to your ensemble and take your students on a global journey.
Artistic Ace: Unleash your artistic side by becoming a famous painter or sculptor. Dress up as Leonardo da Vinci, Vincent van Gogh, or Frida Kahlo, and inspire creativity in your classroom.
Tech Whiz: Embrace the digital age by dressing up as a tech-savvy guru. Adorn yourself with wearable gadgets and accessories that represent the modern tools of education.
Music Maestro: Be the maestro of Halloween with a music-themed costume. Dress up as a famous composer like Ludwig van Beethoven or as a rock star music teacher to inspire the young musicians.
Storybook Teacher: Combine elements of classic fairy tales to create a whimsical storybook teacher costume. Incorporate elements from “Little Red Riding Hood,” “Goldilocks and the Three Bears,” or “The Three Little Pigs.”
the key is to have fun and let your creativity shine through your chosen costume. It’s an excellent opportunity to engage your students, spark their imaginations, and create a memorable learning experience. Happy Halloween!
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