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Can I Apply for an Australian Skilled Visa 189 Without Work Experience?



The Skilled Independent or subclass 189 visa is a point-based visa designed to select a group of skilled people from outside of Australia for work in various Australian states.

This Visa Subclass 189 allows skilled workers to move and live in Australia without requiring any sponsorship of a family member or nomination by the territory government or the state of Australia.

Streams under the Skilled Independent Visa

There are three streams under the 189 Visa in Australia, they are:

  • Points-tested stream

This visa stream allows invited workers with the required skills to live and work permanently anywhere in Australia.

Processing time

The processing time for this stream are:

  1. 25% of the applications are processed in 59 days
  2. 50% of the applications are processed in five months
  3. 90% of the applications are processed in thirty-five months
  • New Zealand stream

This visa allows eligible New Zealand citizens who have shown commitment and contribution to Australia to permanently live and work in the country.

Processing time

The processing time for the New Zealand stream are:

  1. 25% of the applications are processed in 18 months
  2. 50% of the applications are processed in 18 months
  3. 90% of the applications are processed in 24 months
  • Hong Kong stream

Under this visa stream, eligible Hong Kong and British National passport holders who have shown commitment towards Australia can reside permanently in this country.

Processing time

The 189 Visa Processing Time for this stream is not properly specified. The applications are assessed on a case by case basis, and the actual processing times will vary depending on individual circumstances.

What is the Medium and Long Term Strategic Skills List (MtSSL)?

This is a relatively new version of Australia’s skilled occupation list. For the 189 Skilled Visa, you need to have your occupation listed on this list or else you will not be allowed to make a valid application for this type of visa. Over 170 occupations are there on this list.

The English Language Requirement

For this visa, you need to have competent English language ability, and this can be satisfied if you have:

  • An IELTS test score of at least 6 in all the test components, including speaking, reading, listening and writing
  • An OET test score of at least B in every speaking, writing, reading, and listening test component
  • A TOEFL iBT test score with at least 18 in speaking, 21 in writing, 12 in listening and 13 in reading
  • If you hold a passport from the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada and Ireland, you do not need to show evidence of competent English.

Invitation To Apply

Your Skilled Independent Visa 189 will not be officially processed by the Department of Home Affairs until you receive an invitation from them to apply for this particular visa. An invitation is necessary for you to get your visa application processed by the concerned authorities.

Under 45 Years

The skilled migration program is only for the main applicants under 45 years of age before they receive the invitation to apply for the visa. This indicates that your age is not locked in when you start the visa application process but only when you have a valid application with the Department of Home Affairs.

Whether they are married or are in a relationship, either member of a couple can be the main applicant, so if you are above 45, you need to apply using your partner or spouse if they can fulfil the necessary criteria.

The age of the secondary applicants for the Skilled Independent Visa does not matter in the visa application. Only the age of the primary visa applicant does in this case.

189 Visa Requirements (Work)

The necessary work requirements are as follows:

  • You need to work for at least 20 hours every week in your nominated skilled occupation or other closely related occupations.
  • You need to be paid for the work, and it cannot be a voluntary one.
  • Skilled employment will only be counted if the work was undertaken after the applicant at least meets the entry-level requirement that is set by the assessing authority for the specific occupation.
  • The date when the applicant becomes ‘skilled’ may be different from the date when the assessing authorities find that the individual meets the requirement for a specific skills assessment.

Educational Qualifications

  • If you have various recognised qualifications, you will only be able to count points for any one of your recognised qualifications. For instance, if you have completed a Bachelor’s Degree and a Diploma degree, you will only receive points for the Diploma degree.
  • The relevant skills assessment body will decide whether the qualifications earned outside of Australia are standard and comparable to the Australian qualification for Subclass 189 in Australia.
  • You might receive points for a qualification not linked to your nominated occupation.

Australian Study Requirements

The above conditions indicate that you may be awarded one or more degrees, diplomas or trade qualifications through a course or courses taken at an Australian educational institute.

Your course or courses must fulfil the following requirements:

  • Your course must be registered through the Commonwealth Register of Institutions and Course for Overseas Students (CRICOS).
  • It needs to be completed.
  • The course should have resulted in you receiving a degree, trade or diploma qualification.
  • The course needs to be completed in at least 16 calendar months.
  • It needs to have been completed due to at least two academic years of study.
  • It should have been completed when you were physically in Australia.
  • The course needs to have been completed when you held a visa authorised you to study in Australia.
  • It can be counted only once towards the Australian study requirement.

You will need to fulfil all the basic Visa 189 requirements above for being able to start the visa application process.

Final Words

If you want to live, study and work in Australia, you need to apply for the 189 visas and meet all the basic requirements for the visa. You can hire migration Services in Adelaide; due to their experience and expertise, they can help you fill out application forms and inform you about all the documents needed for the 189 visa.

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Use SAP C_DS_42 PDF Questions To Improve Test Scores



SAP C_DS_42 PDF Questions – Pass Exam With Brilliant Results

Passing the SAP Certified Application Associate – Data Integration with SAP Data Services 4.2 C_DS_42 certification exam requires a great deal of confidence, especially if you want to get certified on the first try. When you have dependable and authentic SAP Certified Application Associate Data Integration with SAP Data Services C_DS_42 practice test material, you will be ready to take the SAP Certified Application Associate Data Integration with SAP Data Services C_DS_42 exam. P2PExams is a reliable brand. You can get the best Data Integration with SAP Data Services C_DS_42 practice test material from P2PExams. The goal of P2PExams is straightforward: to assist candidates in passing their C_DS_42 exam on the first try and in the most expedient manner possible. It delivers valid SAP C_DS_42 PDF Questions and Practice Tests to applicants, which comprises a sequence of accurate SAP Certified Application Associate Data Integration with SAP Data Services C_DS_42 questions and answers.

The SAP Certified Application Associate C_DS_42 exam dumps are intended to be advantageous by exposing students to a set of demanding C_DS_42 questions similar to those found on the actual SAP Certified Application Associate – Data Integration with SAP Data Services 4.2 C_DS_42 exam. As a result, our customers get a one-of-a-kind experience to assure passing the SAP Certified Application Associate Data Integration with SAP Data Services C_DS_42 certification since it simulates and prepares you for what to expect in the actual Data Integration with SAP Data Services C_DS_42 test. The P2PExams SAP Certified Application Associate – Data Integration with SAP Data Services 4.2 C_DS_42 exam dumps are developed in three simple formats enabling potential users to access the examinations on any device, anytime and wherever they desire. These Formats are SAP C_DS_42 pdf questions file and Practice test software (Desktop + Web-based).

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Thousands of candidates have gained brilliant results in the SAP Certified Application Associate C_DS_42 exam with the help of P2PExams SAP C_DS_42 practice test material. You can never think about failure in the SAP Certified Application Associate Data Integration with SAP Data Services C_DS_42 exam if you use real C_DS_42 exam dumps. You will always get updated and error-free SAP C_DS_42 practice test material from P2PExams. P2PExams has a team of competent members that regularly update SAP Certified Application Associate – Data Integration with SAP Data Services 4.2 C_DS_42 practice test material according to the exam syllabus. It will enhance your chances of getting success in the Data Integration with SAP Data Services C_DS_42 exam. You can try the free demo of SAP C_DS_42 pdf questions file and practice test software before purchase.

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Fun Activities to Teach Fruits to Preschoolers



Teach Fruits to Preschoolers

Maintaining your child’s healthy eating habits is crucial for healthy development in the later stages. Parents must encourage children to eat well and maintain healthy eating habits with countless food choices. The importance of teaching fruits to preschoolers ensures kids build awareness of a healthy diet. Certain activities create a fun learning routine that aids in disseminating fruits and engages a creative lesson. 

Children are generally fussy when eating healthy foods, especially fruits and vegetables. It requires more effort to make it learn and encourage healthy eating habits. To keep your child engaged in learning fruits to preschoolers, you can find various ways to win over by doing a few tricks to keep your child healthy. However, kids will need time to get used to eating fruits and learning the benefits of healthy living. 

Words Train 

Words Train App

Involving in spelling train is a fun game that allows your child to teach the words on the topic of fruits. Beautiful graphics and accurate pronunciation enable children to learn about fruits and how to pronounce them fluently. The education app consists of unlimited games for a quick learning routine and helps to build awareness of learning fruits for fun eating habits. Once you train your child on how to learn fruits through Word Train, your child will gain confidence not only in expanding the benefits of healthy eating habits but gaining confidence in word making. 

Play sorting game 

Playing a sorting game is one of the most fun activities where you can teach your kids to develop the knowledge of the texture, colour, shape and name of the fruit. You can either gather pictures of fruits or pick up as many fruits as possible and lay them on the floor. It will allow kids to erase boredom and enhance a strong memory of remembering the name of fruits, shapes and colours. To teach fruits to preschoolers is to play sorting games by bringing fruits or pictures to boost engagement. 

CVC 3 Letter Words 

CVC 3 Letter Words App

The growing use of educational apps has made it easier for parents and kids to learn the combination of vowels and consonants on the go. The app provides accessibility and convenience that helps your child to improve three letter fruit. The app consists of 14 categories and 84 words to build a mixture of vowels and consonants for a fun learning routine. It will develop your child’s confidence in picking up terms and has studio-quality voiceover for accurate pronunciation. It helps to teach your child how to pronounce certain words correctly. The high-quality images and animation boost engagement and promote phonetic learning. These top-notch features will help your child to ensure fun, engaging content of learning fruits and the creation of three letter terms. 

Introduce fruit of the week 

Introducing fruit of the week is one of the best ways to teach fruits to preschoolers. Once your children learn the fruits and the importance of healthy living, they will develop more in how to eat that particular fruit. Do discuss with your children different methods of cooking and how to eat. Allow your children to explore various fruits and sense each fruit’s taste, smell and texture. Once your children learn the fruit of the week, they will have more remarkable development of awareness of healthy eating habits. 

Involvement in different reading books  

Putting your kids into the habit of reading is an excellent way to increase child’s vocabulary of fruits and boost their involvement in discovering how the fruit tastes. When training your child to read books, be sure you point out the text and images as your child reads along the page. It will aid in engaging pictures and picking up words on the go. When your children learn to read books, they will expose to enhancing their knowledge of fruits and grasp the words, illustrations and stories. It will also build confidence in creating phrases once your child reads books daily. If your child has confident reading choices, this is a great way to expand on different topics by gathering more fruits. 

Use flashcards 

Using flashcards is one of the most fun and practical activities to teach fruits to preschoolers, where you can create flashcards to build children’s memory and recall spelling. If you are planning to purchase flashcards, be sure the flashcards are of appropriate age and consists of real-life photos rather than illustrations to increase engagement. It will make remembering their surroundings easier and apply them in different settings. It will create the authenticity and accuracy of learning fruits for better engagement. That way, your children will not feel bored when learning about fruits!

Suppose you prefer to go for the digital version of flashcards. In that case, you can access and download the flashcard app, where the app provides authentic real-life photos and illustrations. It helps to build strong memory of remembering words and thus increases the vocabulary of learning different topics. 

Plant a garden

If your school has extra space to plant a garden, it is the most engaging activity where children will learn how to grow and care for fruits without damage. Teaching fruits at the preschool level is to train your kids to grow different fruits in the garden. It will benefit kids to explore the garden and find different ways to take care of and protect from hungry insects. 

Play fruit matching games

Playing fruit matching games is a fantastic game to test fruit recognition based on shape, colour, fruit name, and letters. There are countless fruit matching games in which you can choose the suitable one and teach your child about healthy living. If your children struggle with object recognition, playing matching games is the right solution to sharpen their memory and boost learning engagement. 

Wrap Up 

Having healthy eating is the most crucial aspect of the awareness of knowing fruits at the preschool level. Parents must encourage their children to get into the habit of eating healthy fruits and aid in maintaining a healthy diet. These fun activities will benefit children to gain confidence in knowing fruits to preschoolers and get used to eating fruits in a daily routine.


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Tips for Students to Improve Their Writing





Learning various tricks to improve writing skills is not as difficult as many college students believe. Without a doubt, getting better at writing essays requires practice, and you’ll have plenty of exercise in college. Let’s be honest: you write a lot for class. Even if you don’t consider yourself a talented writer, you compose texts more frequently than you acknowledge. After all, you regularly send emails, make Facebook and Instagram posts, and text your friends. If your tutor requires it, you may also submit presentations, lab reports, book reviews, and so on.

To help you improve the quality of your writing, we’ve compiled a list of helpful recommendations that will make you aware of the things you can do to make your text more logical and properly structured.

Every day, exercise

Writing every day is one of the simplest and most effective ways to improve your prose. You must exercise in order to improve. What exactly should you write about? Anything! For example, you could start a blot and write about everything from student life to self-care and budgeting advice.

Writing online on a regular basis on a variety of topics will help you maintain your writing skills and gain the necessary experience to write for any audience. Given the popularity of blogging, you will be able to kill two birds with one stone by writing on a regular basis. First and foremost, you will improve your writing. Second, you’ll get your blog up and running, and who knows, maybe even make it a success.

Another way to incorporate daily writing is to create Facebook or Instagram posts. If you have an online profile, begin by making one post per day and writing ten or fifteen sentences about what you’re doing or promoting. As a result, you will improve your social media presence and learn some copywriting techniques.

Make Use of Simple Words

Keep it simple, regardless of what you’re writing. Many college and university students believe that using complex words in their essays makes them sound smarter. However, you are not required to write every other piece as if you were working on a scientific project. In fact, using complex words will not help you get higher grades. Instead, use simple words that will help your writing become more effective. In other words, write as if you were speaking to a friend right now, but without the wells and ums.

Increase Your Vocabulary

You must work on your active vocabulary in order to express your thoughts clearly. The process requires both your ability to spot and use a large number of words correctly. You can accomplish this by learning new words and using them in sentences. When you want to learn a new word, make sure to learn all of its forms as well as the prepositions that should be used with it.

Regular reading

People typically claim that reading improves our writing skills. Regular English reading can help you understand the various writing styles that are now employed as well as how the most difficult terms should be used.

Make sure to priorities the books that interest you when it comes to reading. After all, learning shouldn’t be a laborious or dull process. Mark any unfamiliar terms or phrases, then pay attention to how the author employs them in the text.

Contact Professional Writers

Writing can be a frustrating experience. You may become stuck at some point, no matter how hard you try.  It doesn’t matter what project you’re currently working on, you can find custom essays, college term papers, original dissertations, unique book reviews, and research papers help online. Writing and editing assistance is something you should take advantage of when it comes time to compose a piece of academic writing strictly according to the tutor’s instructions.

Describe Complex Messages

When it comes to writing an average college essay, it doesn’t take much thought. However, if you’re working on a complex assignment that requires extensive research, multiple questions, and perspectives, it’s critical to resolve all of those issues before beginning the writing process. When you work on an outline or even just make some simple notes on a given topic, you save time that would otherwise be spent clarifying dozens of topic-related questions.

Request that someone read your writing.

Choose a friend, family member, fellow student, an English native speaker, or a college professor who is good at writing and can correct any errors you have made. Each error in spelling, grammar, style, and punctuation should be identified and corrected. Furthermore, the chosen individual should take note of how you have organized your paragraphs. Simply give it a shot!


Without a doubt, writing can be difficult and intimidating. Nonetheless, the best way to improve your prose is to pick up a pen and a piece of paper and start writing. It is recommended that each text be written in multiple versions. Even the most talented and experienced writers rarely produce flawless first draughts. Just remember that keep practicing!

Also read: Why Should Students Continue to write Research Papers

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